Description. Awnless brome (brome grass) is a monocotyledonous plant of the Poaceae family (cereals).
The plant is widely distributed in Europe, North America, Central and East Asia.
It grows mainly on the banks of water bodies, in meadows, thin forests, near roads.
Inflorescences of the crop are of panicle type, up to 17-20 cm long, consisting of large ears, which reach a size of 15-30 mm. The roots of the plant are extensive, can penetrate into the soil to a depth of 2 m.
Brome grass makes a good harvest on any soil, it is one of the most promising pasture and fodder crops. The grass still prefers rich soil with a weakly acidic or neutral reaction, anaerobic environmental conditions and the proximity of groundwater are not permissible for it. The crop is resistant to frost and flooding.
Unfavorable neighbors for this plant will be some cereals, in particular, bluegrass, sweet silique, and moneywort. A positive effect on the brome grass growth has the neighborhood with alfalfa.
The brome grass reproduces vegetatively or by seeds. Its wild species often form a clean thicket.
The sowing of the brome grass should be carried out in early spring, approximately in the last decade of April. You can sow it in the first ten days of May. It is important that the soil is sufficiently moistened, so it is not worthwhile to delay with sowing, because after May 10th the soil can already be very dry.
Sowing of the brome grass can be carried out in two ways: uncovered and under the cover of other plants. When choosing the second method, it is better t be located next to the crops, which has a high level of moisture (fodder millet and oats). Both crops must be sown simultaneously or immediately after each other. But, if the brome grass is sown for the purpose of seeds obtaining, then it is necessary to choose an exclusively uncovered method. When sowing the brome grass seedless the purpose of fodder obtaining, the width between rows of about 20-45 cm should adhered.
In spite of the general unpretentiousness of perennial crop, it must be removed at a certain time, so that a powerful rhizome does not run out.
Perennial grows fast enough, but it is still recommended to use it for pasture purposes only starting from the third year after sowing, since animals can damage crops compacting the soil and the plant will not be able to recover again.
Its unusual appearance due to a panicle about 20 cm long, increases the attractiveness of the plant and for its use in landscape design.
The brome grass looks particularly effective in framing of lawns, because it is a fairly powerful shrub about 1 meter high. With a dense planting of the plant, the homestead becomes animated, thanks to its bright violet and yellow colors.
The plant can withstand multiple mowing. This feature is very valuable and provides a high level of demand for the brome grass as a crop for fodder. The brome grass is able to grow in the same place for several years, even if it is mowed off twice or more in one season at the same time.
Another important advantage of the brome grass is the presence of a creeping rhizome of a very large length. This makes it possible to use the plant to fix the soil and protect it from flushing.
The rate of seed sowing of the brome grass seeds in pure form is 18-20 kg / ha.
Application. The brome grass is a valuable fodder crop, it is cultivated for hay and green forage, it is widely used on long-term pastures. All kinds of pets willingly consume the awnless brome.
Thanks to the creeping rhizome, the brome grass is often used to prevent the destruction of soils, swarding the slopes. Also, such a plant is able to enrich the soil with nitrogen, since it can produce it from carbon dioxide, which it consumes from the air.