Description. Red (broad-leaved) clover is a perennial herbaceous plant 15-55 cm high. It is a green fertilizer, an excellent fodder and nectariferous crop.
The leaves of the plant are of ternate shape, with widely egg-shaped, denticulate lobes, the flowers are collected in globular heads of dark red color. The plant belongs to the family of Legumes, subfamily of Papilionoideae.
It is distributed throughout Europe, as well as in North Africa, West and Central Asia, and is also often found on the territory of Russia. The best conditions for the broad-leaved clover growth are middle-moisty meadows, forest clearings, but it grows well along the fields and roads either.
It is considered to be one of the most valuable fodder grasses by right, because 100 kg of broad-leaved clover contains 52.2 fodder units. It is a very nutritious food for farm animals, a valuable nectariferous plant.
Broad-leaved clover is grown for 2-3 years, sometimes up to 6 (with the highest yield in the second year). It is sowed under the cover of winter cereals early in the spring, sowing in earlier periods - at the end of February or beginning of March with snow cover not more than 10-12 cm or in its absence - is allowed, "along the layer of ice under the snow". Broad-leaved clover flowers in July, August
Application. The plant is widely used as green fodder, for hay, silage and haylage making. After seeds gathering, the straw is used for forage. Thanks to nitrogen, which accumulates in the roots of the plant and remains in soil after plowing, it is very effective to increase the fertility of fields. It is widely used in homeopathy, in folk medicine